Home - Health and Nutrition - Back Pain on Young Tennis Players. Lower Back Pain, (Spondylolysis): causes, prevention and treatment. PART II

Back Pain on Young Tennis Players. Lower Back Pain, (Spondylolysis): causes, prevention and treatment. PART II

Posted on September 22, 2014 in Health and Nutrition

3. PREVENTION

Prevention of back injuries is really important. At the JC Ferrero Academy we believe that the best treatment is always good prevention, so our team, with their knowledge about injuries in young athletes, works thoroughly in that direction.

Picture 1 - Spondylolysis

Picture 1 – Spondylolysis

 

Prevention of Spondylolysis (Picture 1) focuses on the right technique on the biomechanical movements of tennis, especially on the serves and overhead; the equipment used; the right rest breaks; and planning the correct training. In this regard, we work on the following preventative measures:

  • Right equipment. Consider:

Grip size and racquet weight
Right shoes
– Court conditions

  • Right technique, especially on serves and put-aways
  • Appropriate training:

– Planned by an expert (physical trainer)
– Quantify: duration, intensity and frequency-volume
– Adapting player’s physical capacities to the activity

  • Training should follow the progression principle on frequency, duration and intensity. One of the causes of overuse injuries is increasing the burden or intensity too fast.
  • Respecting the recovery periods.

– Avoid over-training (plan the recovery sessions with the physiotherapist).

  • Create a BASE physical capacity.
  • Compensatory work to avoid tennis asymmetry in the body.

We must also consider the phases of a training session:

  • Dynamic warm-up and stretching. Training should include resistance and flexibility as well as target specific elements such as speed, stroke power and technical movement.
  • Cooling down or returning to calm. (Relaxed aerobic activity stretches).

 

4. TREATMENT

As we all know, young players participate in a lot of tournaments, and that means that they have to serve several times. Sometimes it results in injury, and when that happens the physiotherapy treatment starts. At the JC Ferrero Sport Academy, we support and propose the traditional treatment, which includes rest and rehabilitation sessions with the physical trainers.

The treatment will depend on the severity of the injury, and it is often accompanied by a diagnostic test to determine the rehabilitation time. In the worst case, the symptoms and the clinical signs (the X-ray and the scan) will test positive for spondylolysis. In that case, it is also suggested to a back brace for at least three months.

If you are not suffering from spondylolysis, we suggest choosing anti-inflammatory actions such as medication or magnet therapy, manual therapy to relax the musculature, and treatment to activate the muscles that will help reduce the pressure so the weight is distributed throughout the spine.

In conclusion, this type of treatment depends on the injury, and at our academy we stress the importance of preventative measures. We try to avoid injuries, but if injuries occur, we will work on recovery, readjustment and the prompt reincorporation of tennis.

Juanjo Moreno
Physiotherapist at Equelite